Abstract: Teachers often feel intimidated by the technologies available to them and simultaneously frustrated by the lack of availability of useful technologies. Those teachers characterized by a popular metaphor as digital immigrants may feel marginalized or unable to contribute to the larger dialogue. In this article, the authors argue that teachers, even those who consider themselves as outsiders or digital immigrants, have much to contribute to thoughtful application of technology as a means of learning and as a form of literacy. Four principles for effective technology use are explored, and the editors suggest new metaphors, digital tourists and ambassadors, to promote twenty-first century literacy.
Wolsey, T. D. & Grisham, D. L. (2011). A nation of digital immigrants: Four principles [online editorial]. The California Reader Online, 44(2), 1-9.